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Guidance on best available techniques and best environmental practices for the recycling and disposal of articles containing polybrominated diphenyl ethers listed under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Practical tools and guidance

Guidance on best available techniques and best environmental practices for the recycling and disposal of articles containing polybrominated diphenyl ethers listed under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • EU
Provider: 
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Available in languages: 
English
Description: 

In May 2009, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) was amended by the Conference of the Parties (COP) to include several polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in its Annex A:

  1. Hexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether

  2. Tetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether

For the purpose of this guidance document, these chemicals are collectively referred to as POP-PBDEs. Hexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether are contained in commercial pentabromodiphenyl ether (c-PentaBDE), and tetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether are contained in commercial octabromodiphenyl ether (c-OctaBDE).

The main objective of this document is to provide guidance on best available techniques (BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) for the recycling and final disposal of products and articles containing POP-PBDEs in an environmentally sound manner, following the recommendations of the COP on the elimination of POP-PBDEs from the waste stream. BAT are 'the most effective and advanced stage in the development of activities and their methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability of particular techniques'. BEP are defined as 'the application of the most appropriate combination of environmental control measures and strategies'.

Sector / Industry covered: 
MANUFACTURING
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of other textiles
Manufacture of electrical equipment
WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND REMEDIATION ACTIVITIES
CONSTRUCTION
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE
HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES
Hazard - physical state: 
Aerosols
Dusts
Fibres
Gases
Liquids
Solids
Vapours
Hazard - health effects: 
Reprotoxic substances
Toxic substances
Exposure route: 
Ingestion
Inhalation
Skin absorption
Substance description
Substance description: 

polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, bromine (and iodine), silica dioxide,

polybrominated diphenyl...

CAS Number: 
chlorofluorocarbon 75-68-3
polypropylene 115-07-1
silica dioxide 142844-00-6
EC number: 
chlorofluorocarbon 200-891-8
polypropylene 204-062-1
polycarbonate 430-990-3
silica dioxide 604-314-4
Prevention measures: 
Level 1. Elimination of hazards
Level 1. Substitution
Level 2. Technical measures, e.g. local exhaust ventilation
Training / guidance
Hygiene measures
Purpose of the material: 
Awareness raising
Guidance
Measurement and assessment
Risk assessment
Training
Type
Type: 
EU & international information
Target group: 
Employers
Managers
Policy makers
Researchers
Supervisor
Trainers
Workers
Year of publication: 
2012