Guidance on best available techniques and best environmental practices for the recycling and disposal of articles containing polybrominated diphenyl ethers listed under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
Practical tools and guidance
In May 2009, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) was amended by the Conference of the Parties (COP) to include several polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in its Annex A:
Hexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether
Tetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether
For the purpose of this guidance document, these chemicals are collectively referred to as POP-PBDEs. Hexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether are contained in commercial pentabromodiphenyl ether (c-PentaBDE), and tetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether are contained in commercial octabromodiphenyl ether (c-OctaBDE).
The main objective of this document is to provide guidance on best available techniques (BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) for the recycling and final disposal of products and articles containing POP-PBDEs in an environmentally sound manner, following the recommendations of the COP on the elimination of POP-PBDEs from the waste stream. BAT are 'the most effective and advanced stage in the development of activities and their methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability of particular techniques'. BEP are defined as 'the application of the most appropriate combination of environmental control measures and strategies'.
polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, bromine (and iodine), silica dioxide,