OSHwiki — dangerous substances and vulnerable groups
Practical tools and guidance
This article examines why certain groups of workers may be at greater risk of exposure to dangerous substances in the workplace. The article covers new workers, young workers, migrant workers and workers with certain medical conditions. The article gives information on the additional precautions that are necessary to ensure that adequate exposure control is achieved for these groups. Some information on relevant EU legislation is also included. There is also information on the additional risks associated with maintenance activities, on reproductive risks and on the potential for the secondary exposure of people outside the workplace, including a discussion on how this may be prevented.
The worker groups considered in this article are at increased risk of harm through exposure to dangerous substances as a result of communication difficulties, increased medical susceptibility, or the unusual and infrequent nature of the work they conduct. The considerations outlined in this article should allow the relevant issues to be addressed and should result in reduced risk for workers in these groups.
stone dust contains respirable crystalline silica, perchloroethylene, toluene a common solvent, certain anaesthetic gases used in healthcare, and lead compounds, Chlorinated paraffins, lead chromate...